As per World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes is a chronic disease, which occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces
This leads to an increased concentration of glucose in the blood (which is also known as hyperglycaemia).
Patients with high blood sugar typically experience symptoms like frequent urination (polyuria), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).
If not treated and monitored, high blood glucose levels can lead to various complications like Kidney Disease (Diabetic Nephropathy), Nerve Diseases (Diabetic Neuropathy), Eye Problems (Diabetic Retinopathy), Foot Ulcers, Infections, Gangrene, Dyslipidemia, Hypertension, Cardiovascular Complications, Stroke to name a few.
With the increasing incidence of sedentary lifestyle, increased consumption of fast food and insufficient physical activity, the incidence of diabetes in tremendously rising. The statistics as per WHO projects that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death in 2030.
Diabetology is a branch of medicine which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of Diabetes and Diabetologists are physicians who diagnose and treat patients with diabetes.