Arthroscopy (also called Arthroscopic Surgery) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which a joint is viewed using a small camera, which gives doctors a clear view of the inside of the knee. This helps the doctor diagnose and treat joint problems.
For common joint problems, usually imaging studies, such as X-rays, Computerised Tomography (CT) scans and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans is advised. But when these tests are not indicative of any problem despite symptoms, then arthroscopy may be advised to take a direct look the inside of the joint. An arthroscopic examination can be used for almost every joint, however it is most commonly used for the knee, shoulder, elbow, wrist, ankle, foot and hip.
An arthroscopy can be used to help diagnose unexplained joint pains, joint stiffness, swelling of the joint and an arthroscopy can be used to repair/remove damaged cartilage, tendons and ligaments, and drain the excess build-up of synovial fluid.
Arthroscopy has advantage over traditional open surgery as it is a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed by using small incisions. This results in less blood loss, lesser scarring, lesser distress, faster healing, quicker recovery and early discharge of the patient. It is a preferred mode of treatment for several sports related injuries.