Our expert team uro-oncologist surgeons, medical and radiation oncologists, nephrologist, pathologists, radiologists, physicians follows a multidisciplinary approach to develop an individualised, state-of-the-art treatment plan for our patients suffering from genitourinary cancer. This plan could include one or more treatments from the following options:
- Surgery: Involves the removal of the tumour or diseased organ to cure the patient and/or resolve their symptoms of pain, bleeding, etc.
- Robotic Surgery: One of the newest and most advanced robotic surgical techniques to treat genitourinary cancer. It offers 3-D imaging, removes surgeon tremor and eliminates the inverted manipulation of instruments usually required in laparoscopic procedures. The surgeon sits at a console and controls slender instruments within the patient. These patented “wristed” instruments make surgery very precise and improve patient outcomes. (Hyperlinks to Robotics)
- Laparoscopic Surgery (Keyhole Surgery): Involves removal of the tumour and other cancerous tissues using a minimally-invasive approach by making several small incisions through which instruments are placed in the body.
- Open surgery: Sometimes, larger or more advanced tumours may require the traditional open surgical approach for complete removal of the disease.
- Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy is a very important tool used in the fight against cancer and the treatment of as many as 50% of all cancer patients. Radiation can be given post-operatively and post-chemotherapy for local control and palliation of distant metastases. Radiation therapy is often given in locally advanced cancers where surgical intervention or chemotherapy is not possible. Radiation therapy is a safe & effective procedure where radioactive isotopes or high-energy photons, electrons or other particles are used to destroy the cancer cells. There are two types of radiation
- External Beam Radiotherapy (EBRT)
- Brachytherapy or interstitial (HDR)
Radiation Oncologist is the specialised doctor for this treatment. Radiotherapy regimens or schedules and protocols are specific for different tumours and hence the time for treatment differs from case to case.
- Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy is a treatment that uses medicines to block or lower the number of hormones in the body to slow down or stop the growth of cancer. It is used because certain cancers can grow due to excessive circulating hormones in the body.
- Chemotherapy: Treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Chemotherapy may be given by mouth, injection, or infusion, depending on the type and stage of the cancer being treated. It is used in advanced cancer to control the disease, currently used for those cancers that have spread to other parts of the body or recurred.
- Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapy works by targeting cancer’s specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival. These genes and proteins are found in cancer cells or cells related to cancer growth, like blood vessel cells.Targeted therapy is used by itself or along with chemotherapy and immunotherapy. It is used in those cancers which are spread widely in the body. It is given post-surgery in certain cancers to prevent it from coming back.
- Immunotherapy: Cancer immunotherapy is the artificial stimulation of the immune system to treat cancer, improving the immune system's natural ability to fight cancer. It is an application of the fundamental research of cancer immunology and a growing subspecialities of oncology. It is currently used as an effective modality in combination with chemotherapy or targeted therapy to control the advance and widespread cancers.