All You Should Know About Otolaryngology

Otolaryngology is one of the oldest medical speciality which treats problems or diseases related to ear nose and throat.


Otolaryngology is one of the oldest medical speciality which treats problems or diseases related to ear nose and throat. On the other hand, otolaryngologists are physicians trained in the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders of the same, and also for the related structures of the head and neck. They are commonly referred to as ENT physicians. These specialists majorly diagnose diseases of sinuses, larynx, oral cavity, and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), as well as structures of the neck and face. They diagnose, treat, and manage speciality-specific disorders as well as many primary care problems in both children and adults.

Well, explaining in the laymen terms ENT surgeons often treat conditions that affect the senses such as hearing and balance disorders or smell and taste problems. These professionals are responsible for treating conditions affecting the voice, breathing and swallowing as well as those with head and neck tumours including the skull base and interface with the brain. At the same time, they may treat people of all ages from newborn babies to elderly people. ENT specialists undergo the widest range of operations of any speciality from major head & neck procedures with flaps & complex reconstructions to microsurgery on the ear.

So, if you are suffering from the same condition then can consult the best specialist in Mumbai as the region offers some good options.

What do otolaryngologists treat?

4 organs disorders that are treated by otolaryngologists;

1. The Ears

The branch of medical science which treat ear disorders. Theses otolaryngologists are well-trained in the treatment procedure of hearing, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), nerve pain, and facial and cranial nerve disorders. These professionals also treat congenital (birth) disorders of the outer and inner ear.

2. The Nose

Here, the otolaryngologists are indulged treating the nasal area which includes allergies and sense of smell.

3. The Throat

Here, the otolaryngologists actually treat diseases of the larynx (voice box) and the upper aero-digestive tract or oesophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.

4. The Head and Neck

Here, otolaryngologists are responsible for treating infectious diseases, both benign and malignant tumours, facial trauma, and deformities of the face. They execute both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery as well.

Diagnosis and treatment

6 areas of expertise;

1. Otology/Neurotology

A branch of clinical medicine which diseases of the ear like trauma (injury), cancer, and nerve pathway disorders, affecting hearing and balance.

2. Pediatric Otolaryngology

It treats diseases in children with special ENT problems including birth defects in the head and neck and developmental delays.

3. Head and Neck

This is responsible for treating cancerous and noncancerous tumours usually in the head and neck, including the thyroid and parathyroid.

4. Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

The surgical procedure is used for treating cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive surgical treatment of abnormalities of the face and neck.

5. Rhinology

The branch of medical science dealing with the disorders of the nose and sinuses.

6. Laryngology

It deals with the disorders of the throat, including voice and swallowing problems.

Other surgical procedures

3 common surgical procedures that the ENT specialists use:

1. Insertion of grommets for glue ear

This surgical procedure majorly involves a very small incision in the eardrum and is typically carried out on children. The grommets help to ventilate the middle ear and resolve middle ear effusions

2. Microlaryngoscopy

This surgical procedure involves the insertion of a short metal tube into the larynx.

3. Endoscopic sinus surgery

This involves the insertion of a tiny telescope into the nasal passages to diagnose and treat difficult sinus conditions. Technically refined instruments are then used to restore proper function

The success of any surgical or medical procedure involves precautionary measures post-treatment which are needed to follow as the success of the treatment depends on the same. Here, it is also imperative to get treated in the best ENT specialist hospital in Mumbai in order to get the best results.